In Japanese we can say 妹は金持ちと結婚した。 But in English we don’t use to we just say:
× My Sister married with a rich man.
× My Sister married to a rich man.
○ My Sister married a rich man.
× My Sister marriaged (to) a rich man.

Marriage is a noun. Not a verb.
○ I had a happy marriage.
○ Their marriage was very short.

We also usually say get married to instead of marry.
So the sentences become;
○ My Sister got married to a rich man.(Past)
○ My Sister will get married to a rich man. (Future)
○ My Sister will get married next month. (Future)

The opposite of marry 結婚する is divorce 離婚(する) and we say get divorced from.
So we can also say;
○ My Sister divorced a rich man.
○ My Sister got divorced from a rich man.
○ My Sister will divorce him next month.
○ My Sister got divorced from a rich man.


Here we have a very common mistake.
We have two similar words boring and bored which are easy to confuse.

There are many similar words like this;
Bored Boring
Excited Exciting
Interested Interesting
Scared Scary  
Thrilled Thrilling
Tired Tiring

Bored (-ed) is an emotion or feeling, and is used by a person to describe their feelings.

For example;
○ I worked hard, I am tired. (= I feel tired.)
○ I will go on vacation, I am excited. (= I feel excited.)
○   I saw a spider, I am scared. (= I feel scared.)

If we want to talk about WHY we are feeling (= ed) we must use –ing.
○ My work is tiring.  仕事は疲れるものだ。
○ Going on vacation is exciting. 休暇に出かけるのはワクワクするものだ。
○ Spiders are scary. 蜘蛛は怖いものだ。

The -ING is a THING which causes the feeling.   気持ちの原因となる物(人)

○ I am 195cm. I am 145kg. I love drinking and fighting. I am scary.
Usually (but not always) the thing is not a person.
○ I don't like studying. I don't like history. History is boring.
○ In history class I am bored. = I feel bored in History class.
× In history class I am boring.  
× I feel boring in history class.
○ History is boring.  
○ The students are bored.

○ I am excited. = I feel excited.
○ Tom Cruise is exciting! (= Tom Cruise makes me feel excited.)
○ Bungee Jumping is exciting.

I am boring, is grammatically correct, but you probably shouldn't say this to your friends and teacher. I don't like talking to boring people!


We usually use words like;
○ Almost all (= most)
○ Almost all the time (= most of the time)
○ Almost everyone (= most people)
○ Almost every day. (= most days)

This means 90-99%. So;  
○ Almost all (of) my friends like sushi.
○ = Most of my friends like sushi.
○ Almost everyone in Japan has black hair.
○ = Most people in Japan have black hair.
○ Almost everyone in Japan likes miso soup.
○ = Most people in Japan like miso soup.
○ I study English almost every day.
○ = I study English most days.
○ = Most days I study English.

Almost is English, but the meaning can be different.
○ I almost died.
This means, I didn’t die, but nearly died. もう少しで死ぬところだった
○ He is almost dead.

This means, He is not dead (he is alive), but he will be dead soon.   For example he is in a coma. 昏睡状態にあるから、もうそろそろ死ぬかもしれない
○ I almost passed the test. (= Not passed but close.)
○ I am almost finished. (= Not finished, but will be soon.)
○ I almost forgot about it. (= Didn’t forget.)

○ I was almost late. ぎりぎり間に合いました。(遅刻してない)
○ I am almost always late. ほとんどいつも遅刻します。


Money is an uncountable noun. So like;
money time water help work

We don't use S, and we don't say;
× I have many waters.
× I have many water.
× I have much waters.
× I have much water.

○ 1 table, 2 tables  
○ 1 water, 2 waters (This can mean 1 bottle of water, two bottles of water. The bottles are countable the water isn't.)

The reason is we (usually) use much with negative sentences. (Using not)
○ I don’t have much money.
○ I don’t have much water.

We also (sometimes) use much in questions.
○ Do you have much money?  
○ Do you have much time?

We also use a lot of for positive sentences, negative sentences and also questions.
○ I have a lot of money.
○ I don't have a lot of money. (= I don't have much money)
○ Do you have a lot of money?

We also use a lot of for countable nouns too.
○ I have a lot of friends.
○ I don't have lot of friends.
○ Do you have a lot of friends.


Many people (correctly) use will for the future:
○ I will go to the park next week.
○ I will eat pizza for dinner tonight.

But hope is also used to talk about the future. If we use will we have two words that talk about the future and it (usually) sounds strange.
○ I hope the NY Yankees win tonight.
○ The NY Yankees will play tonight.
△ I hope the NY Yankees will win tonight.
○ I hope I pass the test tomorrow.  
○ I will have a test tomorrow.
× I hope I will have a test tomorrow.

The negative of hope is hope …not.  
○ I hope I pass the test.  
○ I hope I don't fail the test.
× I don't hope I will fail.